Peter Thiel is all around the media currently due to his newly released book Zero to One: Notes on Start Ups, or How to Build the Future. The book is based on a Computer Science class he taught at Stanford and the notes one of the students, Blake Masters, took while the class.
The title comes from an example Thiel frequently quotes. Globalization, he argues, is creating copies of “1”. Innovation gets you from “0” to “1”. Making typewriters available across the globe is a form of globalization, however developing a computer from the typewriter (or the car instead of the horse) marks the jump vom “0” to “1”.